Reading Comprehension | Part 1
What is Reading Comprehension?
Understanding the written text means stripping the required information from the text as efficiently as possible. For example, we would apply different reading strategies when looking at a bulletin board to see if there was an advertisement for a particular boarding house, and when reading carefully an article in a scientific journal.
Sorting out relevant advertisements on a bulletin board and understanding the new information included in an article shows that the purpose of reading for each of these purposes has been fulfilled. In the first sense, a competent reader will quickly dismiss irrelevant information and focus the search on what he needs — boarding information. In the second meaning, it is not sufficient to understand the essence of the text; also need a more detailed understanding. Therefore, the following should be considered in reading:
What do we read?
Here are the types of text that we usually encounter:
• Novels, short stories, fairy tales, and other types of literary works (essays, diaries, anecdotes, biographies)
• Poetry, Poetry (Limerick), nursery rhymes
• Letters, Postcards, telegrams, notes
• Newspapers and magazines (headlines, articles, editorials, letters from readers, jokes, column ads, forecasts, TV / radio / cinema shows)
• Specialization areas: articles, reports, reviews, essays, trade letters, summaries, summaries, balance sheets, pamphlets
• Guidebooks, textbooks, manuals
• Advertisements, brochures, catalogs
• Puzzles, questions, game / match rules
• Instructions, guides (for example: how to use ...) announcements, rules, posters, signs, and signs (for example traffic signs), forms (for example: registration forms), graffiti, menus, price lists, tickets
• Comics, cartoons, and caricatures, legends (e.g. maps, floor plans, drawings)
• Statistics, charts, graphs, schedules, maps
• Phone book, dictionary, smart book.
Why do we reading?
There are two reasons why we read:
• Reading for pleasure
• Reading for information (to find / know something or to do something with the information obtained)
How do we read?
The main ways as follows:
• Skimming: quickly dream through the text to get the essence of the text.
• Scanning: roll the eye on the text quickly to find a small amount of information.
• Extensive Reading: read fairly long texts, usually for fun. This is a proficiency activity, primarily involving global understanding.
• Intensive Reading: reading short enough texts to break down certain information. It is more of an accuracy activity that involves understanding detailed information.
These different ways of reading are not mutually exclusive. Put the word, a person often schemes a discourse to a find out what the discourse is about before deciding whether it is worth scanning certain paragraphs for the information he is looking for.
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